Research

We have numerous publications documenting the efficacy of the Reconnecting Youth (RY) and Coping and Support Training (CAST) Programs. Read about the participants, prevention mechanisms and theory behind the numerous RY Studies and CAST Studies. Review the outcomes for the youth involved in our efficacy trials by viewing the RY Findings and the CAST Findings.

RY STUDIES

The documents listed below were reviewed for Quality of Research by SAMSHA’S National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP)

  • Eggert, L. L., & Herting, J. R. (1991). Preventing teenage drug abuse: Exploratory effects of network social support. Youth and Society, 22(4), 482-524.
  • Eggert, L. L., Seyl, C. D., & Nicholas, L. J. (1990). Effects of a school-based prevention program for potential high school dropouts and drug abusers. International Journal of the Addictions, 25(7), 773-801.[View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., Thompson, E. A., Herting, J. R., Nicholas, L. J., & Dicker, B. G. (1994). Preventing adolescent drug abuse and high school dropout through an intensive school-based social network development program. American Journal of Health Promotion, 8(3), 202-215.[View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., Thompson, E. A., Herting, J. R., & Nicholas, L. J. (1995). Reducing suicide potential among high-risk youth: Tests of a school-based prevention program. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25(2), 276-296.[View Abstract]
  • Thompson, E. A., Eggert, L. L., & Herting, J. R. (2000). Mediating effects of an indicated prevention program for reducing youth depression and suicide risk behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 30(3), 252-271. [View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., & Kumpfer, K. L. (1997). Drug abuse prevention for at-risk individuals (NIH Publication No. 97-4115). Rockville, MD: Office of Science Policy and Communication, National Institute on Drug Abuse.

RY FINDINGS

RY is designed to help at-risk youth to:

  • Increase School Performance – grades, attendance, and credits earned.
  • Increase Mood Management – depression, hopelessness, anxiety and anger.
  • Decrease Drug Involvement – alcohol, marijuana and hard drug use, drug use control problems and adverse drug use consequences.
  • Decrease Suicide Risk Factors – global suicide risk behaviors, ideation, threats, attempts and positive attitudes toward suicide.
  • Increase Protective Factors – personal control, problem-solving and coping, and access to support.

When compared to a control group, major outcomes of the RY students showed significant improvements, particularly decreases in 3 risk factors and increases in 2 protective factors.

Please download the RY Stakeholder Brochure with further details, or see more RY results in The RY Program: An Overview (ppt)

CAST STUDIES

The documents listed below were reviewed for Quality of Research by SAMSHA’S National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP).

Eggert, L. L., Thompson, E. A., Randell, B. P., & Pike, K. C. (2002). Preliminary effects of brief school-based prevention approaches for reducing youth suicide: Risk behaviors, depression, and drug involvement. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 15(2), 48-64. [View Abstract]
Randell, B. P., Eggert, L. L., & Pike, K. C. (2001). Immediate post intervention effects of two brief youth school-based prevention program. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(1), 41-61. [View Abstract]
Thompson, E. A., Eggert, L. L., Randell, B. P., & Pike, K. C. (2001). Evaluation of indicated suicide risk prevention approaches for potential high school dropouts. American Journal of Public Health, 91(5), 742-752. [View Abstract]
Eggert, L. L. (1996). Psychosocial approaches in prevention science: Facing the challenge with high risk youth. Communicating Nursing Research, 29, 73-85.
Eggert, L. L. (2000). Science-based prevention approaches to promoting healthy adolescent behaviors. Communicating Nursing Research, 33, 1-13.
Eggert, L. L., Herting, J. R., & Thompson, E. A. (1996). The Drug Involvement Scale for Adolescents (DISA). Journal of Drug Education, 26(2), 101-130. [View Abstract]
Herting, J. R., Eggert, L. L., & Thompson, E. A. (1996). A multidimensional model of adolescent drug involvement. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 6(3), 325-361. [View Abstract]
Powell-Cope, G. M., & Eggert, L. L. (1994). Psychosocial risk and protective factors: Potential high school dropouts versus typical youth. In R.C. Morris (Ed.), Using what we know about at-risk youth: Lessons from the field (pp. 23-51). Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing.
Thompson, E. A., Mazza, J. J., Herting, J. R., Randell, B. P., & Eggert, L. L. (2005). The mediating roles of anxiety, depression, and hopelessness on adolescent suicidal behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(1), 14-34. [View Abstract]
Thompson, E. A., Moody, K. A., & Eggert, L. L. (1994). Discriminating suicide ideation among high-risk youth. Journal of School Health, 64(9), 361-367. [View Abstract]
Walsh, E., Randell, B. P., & Eggert, L. L. (1997). The Measure of Adolescent Potential for Suicide (MAPS): A tool for assessment and crisis intervention. Reaching Today’s Youth, 2(1), 22-29.

The documents listed below were reviewed for Quality of Research by SAMSHA’S National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP)

  • Eggert, L. L., & Herting, J. R. (1991). Preventing teenage drug abuse: Exploratory effects of network social support. Youth and Society, 22(4), 482-524.
  • Eggert, L. L., Seyl, C. D., & Nicholas, L. J. (1990). Effects of a school-based prevention program for potential high school dropouts and drug abusers. International Journal of the Addictions, 25(7), 773-801.[View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., Thompson, E. A., Herting, J. R., Nicholas, L. J., & Dicker, B. G. (1994). Preventing adolescent drug abuse and high school dropout through an intensive school-based social network development program. American Journal of Health Promotion, 8(3), 202-215.[View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., Thompson, E. A., Herting, J. R., & Nicholas, L. J. (1995). Reducing suicide potential among high-risk youth: Tests of a school-based prevention program. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25(2), 276-296.[View Abstract]
  • Thompson, E. A., Eggert, L. L., & Herting, J. R. (2000). Mediating effects of an indicated prevention program for reducing youth depression and suicide risk behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 30(3), 252-271. [View Abstract]
  • Eggert, L. L., & Kumpfer, K. L. (1997). Drug abuse prevention for at-risk individuals (NIH Publication No. 97-4115). Rockville, MD: Office of Science Policy and Communication, National Institute on Drug Abuse.

CAST FINDINGS

CAST is designed to help at-risk youth to:

  • Increase Mood Management – depression, hopelessness, anxiety and anger.
  • Decrease Drug Involvement – alcohol, marijuana and hard drug use, drug use control problems and adverse drug use consequences.
  • Decrease Suicide Risk Factors – global suicide risk behavoirs, ideation, threats, attempts and positive attitudes toward suicide.
  • Increase Protective Factors – personal control, problem-solving and coping, family support, and decreases in school problems (dropouts, absenteeism and dissatisfaction with school).

When compared to a control group who received a brief assessment and intervention, major outcomes of the CAST students showed significant improvements, particularly decreases in 4 risk factors and increases in 3 protective factors.

Please download the CAST Stakeholder Brochure with further details, or see more CAST results in The CAST Program: An Overview (ppt).

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